By Penny Hoffmann
Out of fear for the chance that the KGB (the main security agency for the Soviet Union) would use LSD to drug U.S citizens via the water supply, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) bought every drop of it that existed at the time. The CIA allowed for the purchase of 10kg of pure LSD25 – enough to dose more than half of the population of the U.S.
The LSD was given to George Hunter White, an army captain, Office of Strategic Services Officer (OSS), and an undercover federal narcotics agent who worked for the CIA. White was a veteran agent of the Swiss company Sandoz Laboratories, one of the world’s leading pharmaceutical companies. He began dosing people to conduct experiments that attempted to create criminals, known as Manchurian Candidates, who commit what is requested of them but would have no recollection of doing so when the mind control affects wore off.
This mind control program is known as Midnight Climax – just one sub-project out of 140 under the clandestine operation MKUltra. The goal of MKUltra is to investigate how to control and reprogram the minds of people. The program lasted from the early 50’s to early 70’s.
White hid in a CIA safehouse stocked with alcohol and sat behind a two-way mirror. He paid prostitutes $100 a night with guaranteed protection from police harassment to lure men into the safe-house, who would then unknowingly consume liquor that had traces of mind-altering substances. White, while behind the mirror, would observe the subject’s reactions to the drug, record his findings, and forward them to the CIA.
The drug has two extremes; complete bliss, or deadly panic. However,what White did not know is that LSD provides the complete opposite effects when in regards to obeying authority. LSD causes subjects to question authority by freeing the mind. This drug created the counter-culture of the 1960’s.
Drugging, creating new identities through hypnosis, and other mind control methods such as signals that react to implants in the subject (usually located in the skull or back) were all projects that White and his associates tried to create, both for the subjects to do whatever was necessary and to pass lie detector tests.